Since the Treaty of Malta in 2007 archaeology must now be considered in an early stage of the civil planning process. The process of archaeology itself can be quite complex with a web of interactions between various interested parties, each with their own obligations, demands and wishes. An expert partner in all of this can help the process to to run smoothly so that all those involved know what to expect from each other. Each must be kept well informed, the process remain controllable and risks noted well in advance.
Archol offers years of experience and expertise for giving tailor-made solutions, advice, a risk inventory, opportunities for the stakeholder, putting together a Program of Requirements (or evaluating one) and project management. In all of this, therefore, Archol can play a pivotal role.
The archaeological process
The archaeological process, the so-called Archaeological Monument Conservation cycle, describes a collection of multiple steps and formal procedures. The process is divided into three main stages: the inventarisation, the selection, and the relevant conservation measures.
After inventarisation comes a selection of the archaeology encountered. If it is determined that certain finds are worthy of conservation then measures are taken to manage this. Conservation of the ‘ground archive’ in the Netherlands has become a part of civil planning and also the ‘Environmental Effects Report’. These must take account of the archaeology found in a particular development area.
Through a general growth in interest for culture in general and for Heritage in particular there is a new perspective on Heritage: using it for goals other than simply education or preservation. More often, now, there is an economic or social view of things. Heritage can become part of the plan of things rather than something to be ‘dealt with’. It can be part of the inspiration and visible content of the new development and environment. Another advantage is that if the contractor can identify, early enough in the sequence who has an interest in possible discoveries of Heritage value this may reduce the risk of delay or resistance.